Re: The sixty second pmc howto

Robert Watson writes:

On Thu, 23 Feb 2006, Andrew Gallatin wrote:

Robert Watson writes:

(2) Run "pmcstat -S instructions -O /tmp/sample.out" to start sampling of
instruction retirement events, saving the results to /tmp/sample.out.

Dumb question, but what does "instructions" really mean? The number of
instructions, the time spent executing them, ?

pmcstat magically translates 'instructions' into 'p4-instr-retired', which
might well refer to what happens to an instruction when it is believed to have
successfully executed. Presumably this happens once you know it hasn't been
mispredicted, etc, but I'm sure someone can give a better and more detailed

Let's say it takes 1000 cycles to issue a memory load because of a
cache miss, and 1 cycle to increment something already in a register.
Let's also say that your program does each operation the same number
of times.

Does the 'instructions' count each operation identically so both
operations appear to cost the same, or is it sampled from some clock
interrupt, so that the memory load (correctly) shows up 1000 times
more often?

For what its worth, I tend to use k8-bu-cpu-clk-unhalted because
my gut feeling is that it probably gives the latter behaviour.

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